RE: [RFC 00/18] vfio: Adopt iommufd

Tian, Kevin posted 18 patches 3 weeks ago
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RE: [RFC 00/18] vfio: Adopt iommufd
Posted by Tian, Kevin 3 weeks ago
> From: Daniel P. Berrangé <berrange@redhat.com>
> Sent: Friday, April 29, 2022 12:20 AM
> 
> On Thu, Apr 28, 2022 at 08:24:48AM -0600, Alex Williamson wrote:
> > On Thu, 28 Apr 2022 03:21:45 +0000
> > "Tian, Kevin" <kevin.tian@intel.com> wrote:
> >
> > > > From: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
> > > > Sent: Wednesday, April 27, 2022 12:22 AM
> > > > > >
> > > > > > My expectation would be that libvirt uses:
> > > > > >
> > > > > >  -object iommufd,id=iommufd0,fd=NNN
> > > > > >  -device vfio-pci,fd=MMM,iommufd=iommufd0
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Whereas simple QEMU command line would be:
> > > > > >
> > > > > >  -object iommufd,id=iommufd0
> > > > > >  -device vfio-pci,iommufd=iommufd0,host=0000:02:00.0
> > > > > >
> > > > > > The iommufd object would open /dev/iommufd itself.  Creating an
> > > > > > implicit iommufd object is someone problematic because one of the
> > > > > > things I forgot to highlight in my previous description is that the
> > > > > > iommufd object is meant to be shared across not only various vfio
> > > > > > devices (platform, ccw, ap, nvme, etc), but also across subsystems,
> ex.
> > > > > > vdpa.
> > > > >
> > > > > Out of curiosity - in concept one iommufd is sufficient to support all
> > > > > ioas requirements across subsystems while having multiple
> iommufd's
> > > > > instead lose the benefit of centralized accounting. The latter will also
> > > > > cause some trouble when we start virtualizing ENQCMD which
> requires
> > > > > VM-wide PASID virtualization thus further needs to share that
> > > > > information across iommufd's. Not unsolvable but really no gain by
> > > > > adding such complexity. So I'm curious whether Qemu provide
> > > > > a way to restrict that certain object type can only have one instance
> > > > > to discourage such multi-iommufd attempt?
> > > >
> > > > I don't see any reason for QEMU to restrict iommufd objects.  The
> QEMU
> > > > philosophy seems to be to let users create whatever configuration they
> > > > want.  For libvirt though, the assumption would be that a single
> > > > iommufd object can be used across subsystems, so libvirt would never
> > > > automatically create multiple objects.
> > >
> > > I like the flexibility what the objection approach gives in your proposal.
> > > But with the said complexity in mind (with no foreseen benefit), I wonder
> >
> > What's the actual complexity?  Front-end/backend splits are very common
> > in QEMU.  We're making the object connection via name, why is it
> > significantly more complicated to allow multiple iommufd objects?  On
> > the contrary, it seems to me that we'd need to go out of our way to add
> > code to block multiple iommufd objects.

Probably it's just a hypothetical concern when I thought about the need
of managing certain global information (e.g. PASID virtualization) cross
iommufd's down the road. With your and Daniel's replies I think we'll
first try to follow the common practice in Qemu first given there are
more positive reasons to do so than the hypothetical concern itself.

> >
> > > whether an alternative approach which treats iommufd as a global
> > > property instead of an object is acceptable in Qemu, i.e.:
> > >
> > > -iommufd on/off
> > > -device vfio-pci,iommufd,[fd=MMM/host=0000:02:00.0]
> > >
> > > All devices with iommufd specified then implicitly share a single iommufd
> > > object within Qemu.
> >
> > QEMU requires key-value pairs AFAIK, so the above doesn't work, then
> > we're just back to the iommufd=on/off.
> >
> > > This still allows vfio devices to be specified via fd but just requires Libvirt
> > > to grant file permission on /dev/iommu. Is it a worthwhile tradeoff to be
> > > considered or just not a typical way in Qemu philosophy e.g. any object
> > > associated with a device must be explicitly specified?
> >
> > Avoiding QEMU opening files was a significant focus of my alternate
> > proposal.  Also note that we must be able to support hotplug, so we
> > need to be able to dynamically add and remove the iommufd object, I
> > don't see that a global property allows for that.  Implicit
> > associations of devices to shared resources doesn't seem particularly
> > desirable to me.  Thanks,
> 
> Adding new global properties/options is rather an anti-pattern for QEMU
> these days. Using -object is the right approach. If you only want to
> allow for one of them, just document this requirement. We've got other
> objects which are singletons like all the confidential guest classes
> for each arch.
> 

Good to know such last resort. As said we'll try to avoid this restriction
and follow Alex's proposal unless there are unexpectedly unreasonable
complexities arising later.

Thanks
Kevin